Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repository.uma.ac.id/handle/123456789/12069
Title: Hubungan Dukungan Sosial Dengan Kualitas Hidup Pada Lansia Di Dusun II, Desa Sei Alim Ulu, Kec. Air Batu Asahan
Other Titles: Correlation Social Support and Life Quality in the Dusun II, Desa Sei Alim Ulu, Kec. Air Batu Asahan
Authors: Harahap, Dini Andriani
Advisor: Siregar, Farida Hanum
Dalimunthe, Hairul Anwar
Keywords: dukungan sosial;kualitas hidup;lansia;social support;life quality;elderly
Issue Date: 12-Feb-2020
Publisher: Universitas Medan Area
Series/Report no.: NPM;158600091
Abstract: This research is a quantitative study that aims to test and obtain empirical data regarding Correlation Social Support and Life Quality. In line with the theoretical foundation, a hypothesis is proposed that says there is a positive relationship between social support and life quality in the elderly. Where the higher the social support, the higher the life quality. Conversely, the lower the social support, the lower the life quality. This study involved 47 elderly people in Dusun II, Sei Alim Ulu Village, Kec. Air Batu, Asahan as a research subject. Sampling is done by total sampling technique. This study uses the Guttman scale instrument to scale social support with quality of life. The scale of social support is based on aspects of social support according to House (in Fadhilah, 2016), namely: (1) Emotional Support, (2) Award Support, (3) Instrumental Support, and (4) Information Support. Quality of life scale is arranged based on aspects of quality of life according to WHO (1996) quality of life is measured by 4 aspects, namely: (1) Physical health, (2) Psychological, (3) Social relations, and (4) Environment. Based on data analysis, the results show there is a positive relationship between social support and quality of life. This result is proven by the correlation coefficient, where rxy = 0.382; p = 0,001 <0.05. The coefficient of determination (R square) research with a value of 0.146. It can be interpreted that the social support variable affects the quality of life by 14,6%, while the remaining 85,4% is caused by other factors not revealed in this study, such as sociodemographic characteristics, stress and coping abilities.
Description: Penelitan ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif yang bertujuan untuk menguji dan mendapatkan data secara empiris mengenai Hubungan Antara Dukungan Sosial Dengan Kualitas Hidup. Sejalan dengan landasan teori, maka diajukan hipotesa yang berbunyi ada hubungan positif antara dukungan sosial dengan kualitas hidup pada lansia. Dimana Semakin tinggi dukungan sosial maka semakin tinggi pula kualitas hidup. Sebaliknya, semakin rendah dukungan sosial maka semakin rendah pula kualitas hidup. Penelitian ini melibatkan 47 lansia di Dusun II, Desa Sei Alim Ulu, Kec. Air Batu, Asahan sebagai subjek penelitian. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik total sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan instrument skala Guttman untuk skala dukungan sosial dengan kualitas hidup. Skala dukungan sosial disusun berdasarkan aspek-aspek dukungan sosial menurut House (dalam Fadhilah, 2016) yaitu: (1) Dukungan Emosional, (2) Dukungan Penghargaan, (3) Dukungan Instrumental, dan (4) Dukungan Informasi. Skala kualitas hidup disusun berdasarkan aspek-aspek kualitas hidup menurut WHO (1996) kualitas hidup diukur dengan 4 aspek, yaitu: (1) Kesehatan fisik, (2) Psikologis, (3) Hubungan sosial, dan (4) Lingkungan. Berdasarkan analisis data, diperoleh hasil terdapat hubungan positif antara dukungan sosial dengan kualitas hidup. Hasil ini dibuktikan dengan koefisien korelasi, dimana rxy = 0,382 ; p = 0.001 < 0.05. Nilai koefisien determinasi (R square) penelitian dengan nilai sebesar 0.146. Dapat diartikan bahwa variable dukungan sosial mempengaruhi kualitas hidup sebesar 14,6%, sedangkan sisanya 85,4% disebabkan oleh faktor-faktor lain yang tidak diungkap dalam penelitian ini, seperti faktor Karakteristik sosiodemografi, Stress dan kemampuan koping.
URI: http://repository.uma.ac.id/handle/123456789/12069
Appears in Collections:SP - Psychology

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
158600091 - Dini Andriani Harahap - Chapter IV.pdf
  Restricted Access
Chapter IV259.67 kBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy
158600091 - Dini Andriani Harahap - Fulltext.pdfCover, Abstract, Chapter I,II,III, Bibliography1.86 MBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.