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Title: Identifikasi dan Uji Kepekaan Antibiotika Terhadap Bakteri Penyebab Infeksi Pasca Operasi di RS. Tk II Putri Hijau Medan
Authors: Sartini
Fauziah, ida
Simanullang, Serdiana
Keywords: infeksi luka
pasca operasi
wound infections
post surgery
Issue Date: 14-Mar-2018
Publisher: Universitas Medan Area
Series/Report no.: NPM;148700034
Abstract: The research was aimed to determine types of bacteria that cause postoperative wound infection and to find out the type of antibiotics recommended as a therapy for postoperative infections at TK II Putri Hijau Hospital Medan. This research was conducted descriptively identifying the types of bacteria isolated from postoperative wounds and testing the sensitivity to antibiotics by diffusion method. The observed was bacteria species, and susceptibility of antibiotics (S) and resistance (R). The results showed that the most common bacteria infecting postoperative wound were Klebsiella pneumoniae 37.5%, Escherichia coli 31.25%, Proteus mirabilis 18.75% and Pseudomonas aeruginosa 12.5%. Antibiotic susceptibility tests presented that isolated bacteria from postoperative wounds have been highly resistant to ampicillin, cefuroxime, cotrimoxazole, amoxycillin clavulanic, aztreonam, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin, and ofloxacin. Recommended antibiotics which still have >80% sensitivity were gentamycin, cefoperazone, meropenem, and amikacin.
Description: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis-jenis bakteri penyebab infeksi luka pasca operasi dan untuk mengetahui jenis antibiotika yang direkomendasikan sebagai terapi infeksi pasca operasi di RS TK. II Putri Hijau Medan. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara deskriptif yaitu mengidentifikasi jenis-jenis bakteri yang diisolasi dari luka pasca operasi dan menguji kepekaan terhadap antibiotika secara difusi. Parameter yang diamati adalah jenis bakteri, dan kepekaan antibiotika berupa sensitif (S) dan resisten (R). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis bakteri yang paling banyak menginfeksi luka pasca operasi adalah Klebsiella pneumoniae 37,5 %, Escherichia coli 31,25 %, Proteus mirabilis 18,75 % dan Pseudomonas aeruginosa 12,5 %. Uji kepekaan antibiotika terhadap bakteri yang menginfeksi luka pasca operasi telah mengalami resistensi tinggi terhadap ampicillin, cefuroxime, cotrimoxazole, amoxycillin clavulanic, aztreonam, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, tetracycline, ciprofloxacin dan ofloxacin. Antibiotika yang masih sensitif > 80% dapat direkomendasikan sebagai terapi defenitif yaitu gentamycin, cefoperazone, meropenem dan amikacin.
Appears in Collections:SP - Biology

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148700034 - Serdiana Simanulung - Fulltext.pdfCover, Abstract, Chapter I, II, III, Bibliography2.3 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
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